There are several requirements that affect cities, some are economic, technological, health, ecological, among others, and all these demands increase proportionally when cities grow in population and extension.
The generation of waste and its management have long been a matter of social interest, not only because of the effect it can have on our lives but because it is an issue in which we are all directly and indirectly involved. Few issues can have an action with such a broad impact on the economic, social, environmental, even visually.
Leaving aside the implementation of policies for proper waste management has a cost which is not always quantifiable and much less measurable, government agencies still maintain these figures within the empirical field, as this means losses for the countries and municipal councils.
In cities that still do not consider recycling as part of their work axes, they not only lose money, but also impose the barrier of not generating a business opportunity and generating work and wealth within a new era of circular economy.
The task of recycling not only helps to reduce waste, but in general terms it helps our country to comply with the climate change agreements to which it is adhered. Putting these circular economy models into operation will allow a whole generation to create awareness and be demanding with their present and future rulers, these demands and the implementation of innovative policies in environmental matters will in turn cause an industrial challenge, where the productive sector must redesign its products to generate less waste, reuse its parts and components, and that the end of its life is not the end of its application as raw material.
According to data from the World Bank in Latin America, approximately 430 thousand tons of garbage are generated every day, that is, each inhabitant of this continent produces an average of 14 kilograms of garbage. There is also even more revealing data on how this management is lagging behind in public policies, since according to the Inter-American Development Bank they indicate that more than 2% of total waste is recycled in Latin America, but here lies the importance to turn our eyes to this issue since it is the political guidelines that from the beginning can generate a whole change, because according to IDB data, almost 92% of waste can be recycled when the garbage has been adequately separated before arriving to a landfill, which contrasts with the 30% that can be recovered when the waste is simply not classified.
According to the INEC figures for 2017, Ecuadorians dumped 12 thousand tons of garbage, 4% is recycled, that is, each Ecuadorian produces 0.86 kg per day, the statistics reveal a critical situation but also indicate that the opportunity is present
To this problem we must add that waste in some cities ends up in municipal landfills in the best of cases and in others they are simply disposed of in informal landfills, which seems something unprecedented in the middle of 2021 but is not a hidden practice of fact is more common than we imagine.
In Ecuador, 48% of the 221 Decentralized Autonomous Governments of the country dispose of the final waste from their cities in open dumps, according to the Ministry of the Environment these spaces do not meet the minimum requirements that environmental regulations require, which causes pollution of surface and groundwater by the direct discharge of waste into rivers and streams (Diario el telégrafo 06/03/2019).
The cost of inaction can be much higher than the investment of executing public policies that efficiently address the problem of waste, the opportunity to create wealth through waste is real and can help companies to be more sustainable by develop friendlier products and reduce your consumption of raw materials.
According to a report by the DBK sector observatory, the volume of recycled waste grew by 1.8% in 2019 compared to 2018, reaching 20. 2 million tons, including metal, paper, cardboard, wood, glass and plastic waste, in this way the business generated by its sale reached about 3.5 billion euros.
The opportunity is present for that reason it is important that our authorities surround themselves with the most suitable personnel with experience in the private sector (especially) who have expertise in each of the technical lines required by a GAD and a Country.