Job market: Ile-de-France lagging behind

After recruiting 25 people in 2021, Eurecia, an SME with 120 employees, will further expand its teams by around forty permanent contracts this year. Special feature: this software publisher is installed along the Canal du Midi, in Castanet-Tolosan, a few kilometers from Toulouse. Almost everywhere in France, this type of announcement is repeated. ID Logistics created around 500 jobs in Brebières in Pas-de-Calais in mid-2021; the Muller group, specializing in heating appliances, announced in September 2021 the recruitment of around fifty people at its industrial sites located throughout the region, in Hauts-de-France, Pays de la Loire, Grand -East…

After the historic recession of 2020, the recovery was already accompanied by a first surprise on the labor market: not only did the surge in unemployment not take place, but at the end of September 2021, salaried employment was 1% above its level at the end of 2019. That is to say nearly 270,000 additional jobs. And, and this is the second surprise, Ile-de-France, which nevertheless represents one in four jobs in France, is lagging behind the dynamism of other regions.

The figures published on Friday January 7 by INSEE are eloquent in this regard. Between the end of 2019 and the third quarter of 2021, Ile-de-France saw its salaried workforce increase by only 0.3%, against 1% on average nationally. The country’s largest economic region is far behind in terms of creations by Nouvelle-Aquitaine, which is almost twice as good (+ 1.9%), Brittany and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (+ 1.7 %), Occitanie (+ 1.4%), Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (+ 1.3%)… Only two regions appear to be doing less well: Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (- 0.4%) and Grand- Is showing only a shy + 0.2%.

How to explain this discrepancy? « We cannot say that there have been relocations of companies from Paris to the provinces ”, ironically notes Vladimir Passeron, head of the employment and activity income department at INSEE. It would also be going a little fast to explain the movements on the job market by the “urban exodus” linked to the Covid-19 crisis. First of all because the departures mainly concern inhabitants of intramural Paris who ultimately settle … in the suburbs, and therefore do not change their place of work. Then, this “exodus” cannot explain the 270,000 job creations outside Ile-de-France.

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