July 26, 2021

3 billion doses of vaccines administered

The pandemic has killed at least 3,932,561 people around the world since the end of December 2019, according to a report established by AFP from official sources on Tuesday at noon. The United States is the most affected country with 604,115 dead. Brazil, which has 514,092 dead, is followed by India (397,637), Mexico (232,608) and Peru (192,163), the country with the most deaths in relation to its population.

These figures, which are based on daily reports from national health authorities, are generally underestimated. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the toll of the pandemic could be two to three times higher than that officially calculated.

  • Vaccine: 3 billion doses of vaccines administered

More than three billion doses of anti-Covid vaccines have been administered worldwide, according to an AFP count made Tuesday at 11 a.m. from official sources. Some 40% of these doses (1.2 billion) were injected in China. India (329 million) and the United States (324 million) complete this podium. While the first billion doses had been reached twenty weeks after the start of the first mass campaigns in December, and the second billion in six weeks, it took less than four weeks to reach this third billion.

In the European Union, 357 million doses have been administered to 50% of its population. Some 32% of people in the EU are fully vaccinated. The most populous countries in the bloc – Germany, France, Italy, Spain – hover around the average, with around a third of their population fully vaccinated.

While most poor countries have now started to vaccinate, mainly thanks to the Covax mechanism (WHO, GAVI alliance and CEPI coalition), anti-Covid vaccination remains very unequal: countries with “High income” (as defined by the World Bank) administered an average of 79 doses per 100 inhabitants, compared to a single dose in countries with ” low income “.

Among the poor countries that have started to vaccinate, some, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, stalled soon after the start, due to a lack of sufficient vaccines. In Africa, 3.6 doses have been administered per 100 inhabitants, eleven times less than the global average (39). Five countries have still not started their campaign: Tanzania, Burundi, Eritrea, Haiti and North Korea.

Despite the controversies to which it has been the subject, the AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine is the most widely distributed in the world, administered in nearly 80% of the countries and territories which vaccinate (at least 171 out of 216). The Swedish-British vaccine is administered both in rich countries – even if it is sometimes shunned by the population – and in poor countries, in particular thanks to Covax, of which it is the main supplier.

It is ahead of its competitors Pfizer-BioNTech (at least 102 countries, 47%), Sinopharm and Moderna (at least 48.22%), Sputnik V (at least 41.19%), Johnson & Johnson (at least 31.14 %) and Sinovac (at least 24.11%).

  • Millions of people confined in Australia

Faced in recent weeks with an outbreak of cases, in particular of the highly contagious Delta variant, due to loopholes in quarantine arrangements for travelers from overseas, Australia has forced three major cities to reconfigure and have took restrictive measures in several others. More than 20 million Australians, or around 80% of the population, are affected by these new restrictions.

Queensland is expected to impose a three-day lockdown in its capital Brisbane from Tuesday evening, and Perth, the capital of Western Australia, has started a four-day lockdown. The city of Darwin has seen its confinement extended by seventy-two hours. The state of New South Wales, whose capital Sydney is already under strict containment until July 9, reported 19 new local infections on Tuesday compared to 18 the day before.

  • Record of daily deaths in Russia, vaccination in slow motion

Russia will not succeed in vaccinating 60% of its population in the fall against Covid, admitted the spokesman for the Russian presidency, Dmitry Peskov, in reference to the goal set in the spring by Vladimir Putin.

This goal has never seemed attainable, the mistrust of the Russians with regard to the various vaccines produced in the country, in particular Sputnik V, being such that currently only about 15% of the population has received at least one injection. . About 22.2 million Russians out of 146 million inhabitants received at least one dose, according to figures Monday from the Gogov site, which aggregates data from regions and media, for lack of detailed official national statistics and daily.

If vaccination has been on the rise for several days, it is because more and more regions are making it compulsory, on pain of payroll deductions, for a growing number of professional categories. For health authorities, this is the only answer to durably curb the coronavirus and its variant Delta, which appeared in India, responsible for the third epidemic wave in Russia and which worries the rest of the world.

The Russian government thus reported on Tuesday 652 deaths due to Covid-19 in twenty-four hours, a record since the start of the epidemic in the country. The previous peak was at the end of December, during a second deadly wave. Russia’s second city, Saint Petersburg, which hosts a quarter-final of Euro football on Friday, has recorded 119 deaths, again the highest level since the start of the health crisis. This is the third record since Saturday.

Moscow, the epicenter of the epidemic, recorded 121 bits on Tuesday, against a record of 124 the day before, the highest level ever reached in the Russian capital. The authorities identified 20,616 new contaminations in one day.

In total, Russia deplores 134,545 dead, making it the most bereaved country in Europe, according to government statistics. But the statistics agency Rosstat, which has a broader definition of deaths linked to Covid-19, recorded at the end of April some 270,000 deaths.

Le Monde with AFP and Reuters