Under debate in several countries, the vaccine obligation against Covid-19 is gaining ground in the world in the face of the progression of the Delta variant. It most often concerns targeted populations, such as civil servants or caregivers.
In France, the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, announced, Monday, July 12, compulsory vaccination for caregivers. “Depending on the evolution of the situation, we will undoubtedly have to ask ourselves the question of compulsory vaccination for all French people”, nevertheless warned the head of state.
Countries in which vaccination is compulsory for adults:
- Tadjikistan : the official Tajik agency issued a government decree obliging all citizens over 18 to be vaccinated, without specifying the conditions under which the obligation would be applied.
- Turkmenistan: this reclusive Central Asian country, one of the few in the world to have officially declared no cases of Covid-19, announced on July 7 that it was making vaccination compulsory for “All people over 18 without medical contraindications”.
- Vatican : a memo dated Feb. 8 made the vaccine imperative for residents of the world’s smallest state and the employees who work there. The penalties can theoretically go up to dismissal for the recalcitrant.
Countries where the obligation concerns certain categories:
- France : President Emmanuel Macron announced on July 12 that vaccination would be compulsory for staff in hospitals, clinics and retirement homes, as well as for professionals and volunteers working with the elderly. The people concerned “Will have until September 15 to be vaccinated”, he clarified. After this date, nursing staff who will not be vaccinated will no longer be able to work and will no longer be paid.
- Greece: vaccination will become compulsory for nursing home staff no later than August 16 and for caregivers from 1is September, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis announced on July 12.
- Italy: a decree-law of May 25 obliges doctors and health personnel to be vaccinated, otherwise they will no longer be able to practice in contact with patients. This obligation has been challenged in court by 300 Italian carers and a hearing is scheduled for July 14.
- UK : the UK government announced on June 16 that it would make vaccination mandatory for nursing home workers, including non-medical staff such as hairdressers, beauticians and volunteers. They will need to be fully vaccinated by October if they are to be able to continue working there. The measure has yet to be approved by Parliament.
- Russia: if President Vladimir Poutine opposes an obligation at the national level, the mayor of Moscow decreed, on June 16, compulsory vaccination for employees in the service sector. Some 60% of them, or about two million people, must be vaccinated by August 15. Since then, other local entities, including Saint Petersburg and its region, have taken similar measures.
- Kazakhstan : the country ordered the 1is July compulsory vaccination for most employees who come into contact with other people. Those who refuse the injection will be prohibited from interacting with clients or other people.
- Fiji: the Pacific archipelago has made vaccination compulsory for both public and private employees. Officials will need to take time off if they have not received their first injection by August 15 and risk being fired if their second is not given by August 1is November. In the private sector, employees must have received their first dose at 1is August.
- United States : the city of San Francisco announced at the end of June that it would ask its some 35,000 employees to be vaccinated against Covid-19, under penalty of disciplinary sanctions up to and including dismissal. This requirement will not take effect, however, until the vaccines have been fully approved by the US Medicines Agency (FDA).
Countries where vaccination is not compulsory, but almost:
In some countries, the obligation is not formal but the restrictions for the unvaccinated are such that they are similar to a quasi-obligation:
- Saudi Arabia : the kingdom announced on May 18 that vaccination would be compulsory from August to enter government and private establishments, including places of education and entertainment, as well as public transport. Only vaccinated employees in the public and private sectors will be able to return to their workplace.
- Pakistan : since 1is In July, the province of Balochistan in southwest Pakistan banned unvaccinated people from entering public services, parks, shopping malls and public transport. Elsewhere in the country, officials in Sindh province who refuse to be vaccinated will no longer be paid, while Punjab province has threatened to cut the phone to those who refuse the injection.